Trichotillomania is a mental disorder which triggers people to pull out their hair frequently. Although the exact cause is not clear as crystal but anxiety, stress, imbalanced brain chemical, and hormone levels change are the possible causes of trichotillomania. People with trichotillomania pull their hair to gain mental relief to overcome emotional distress.
These people feel the urge to pull out their hair from their scalp in order to feel more ease. Eyebrows, eyelashes, hair in genital area, beard, or moustache can also be the area which people with trichotillomania pulling hair other than the scalp hair. Trichotillomania can cause bald patches and then can lead to the feelings of shame and lowering people with trichotillomania self-esteem.
Study shows that trichotillomania will be experienced by 1 or 2 people in 50 people population. Many cases of this pulling hair disorder are occurring in teenagers and young adults. Children can also suffer from trichotillomania with the same numbers between boys and girls. On the other hand, in adulthood, trichotillomania cases are more common in women than men, it is about 80-90%. Trichotillomania should be treated properly to avoid the further and chronic condition in someone’s life.
If you are happen to be the one who have pull out hair habit or maybe you know someone who shows the symptoms of trichotillomania, you may want to see or help your loved one to go to a doctor. Treatment for trichotillomania usually involves cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Habit reversal training is used in the therapy to reduce the behaviour disorder.
People with trichotillomania will be guided to keep a diary consisted of hair pulling behaviour, looking for what the trigger behind the pull hair disorder, learn how to avoid the trigger or even improve the way of react, replace the pull hair habit with something else such as stress ball squeezing, and train the significant other of the patients to support them with emotional encouragement.